The Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) has launched a community archaeology project as part of its development of the Olympic Park.
The Discover project will last one year and involve schools from the London 2012 Host Boroughs.
It follows a significant number of historic finds, uncovered as part of work to transform the area before the Games begin.
"This is yet another example of how hosting the 2012 Olympic Games means much more than just a fortnight of sport rather a source of education, interest and community participation before, during and after the Games," said Olympics minister, Tessa Jowell.
Recent finds have included a Roman coin, Roman river walls, Second World War gun emplacements and a complete 19th century boat used for hunting wild fowl on the lower River Lea.
After the Olympics finish, much of the area will become commercial property and be sold to re-coup the expense of its initial development.