Property Use Classes Guide

UseUse Class up to 31 August 2020Use Class from 1 September 2020
Shop not more than 280 sq m mostly selling essential goods,
including food and at least 1km from another similar shop
Financial and professional services (not medical)A2E
Café or restaurantA3E
Pub or drinking establishmentA4SUI GENERIS
Office other than a use within Class A2B1aE
Research and development of products or processesB1bE
For any industrial process (which can be carried out in any residential area without causing detriment to the amenity of the area)B1cE
Storage or distributionB8B8
Hotels, boarding and guest housesC1C1
Residential institutionsC2C2
Secure residential institutionsC2aC2a
Dwelling housesC3C3
Use of a dwelling house by 3-6 residents as a ‘house in multiple
Clinics, health centres, crèches, day nurseries, day centreD1E
Schools, non-residential education and training centres, museums, public libraries, public halls, exhibition halls, places of worship, law courtsD1F.1
Cinemas, concert halls, bingo halls and dance hallsD2SUI GENERIS
Gymnasiums, indoor recreations not involving motorised vehicles or
Hall or meeting place for the principal use of the local communityD2F.2
Indoor or outdoor swimming baths, skating rinks, and outdoor sports
or recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearms

Changes of use within the same class are not development. Use classes prior to 1 September 2020 will remain relevant for certain change of use permitted development rights, until 31 July 2021.

The new use classes comprise:

  • Class E (Commercial, business and service uses)
  • Class F.1 (Learning and non-residential institutions)
  • Class F.2 (Local community uses)
  • Sui generis (In use class of its own)

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