Property Use Classes Guide

Guide to changes to the use classes order in England

Use Use Class up to 31 August 2020 Use Class from 1 September 2020
Shop not more than 280 sq m mostly selling essential goods,
including food and at least 1km from another similar shop
A1 F.2
Shop A1 E
Financial and professional services (not medical) A2 E
Café or restaurant A3 E
Pub or drinking establishment A4 SUI GENERIS
Take away A5 SUI GENERIS
Office other than a use within Class A2 B1a E
Research and development of products or processes B1b E
For any industrial process (which can be carried out in any residential area without causing detriment to the amenity of the area) B1c E
Industrial B2 B2
Storage or distribution B8 B8
Hotels, boarding and guest houses C1 C1
Residential institutions C2 C2
Secure residential institutions C2a C2a
Dwelling houses C3 C3
Use of a dwelling house by 3-6 residents as a ‘house in multiple
C4 C4
Clinics, health centres, crèches, day nurseries, day centre D1 E
Schools, non-residential education and training centres, museums, public libraries, public halls, exhibition halls, places of worship, law courts D1 F.1
Cinemas, concert halls, bingo halls and dance halls D2 SUI GENERIS
Gymnasiums, indoor recreations not involving motorised vehicles or
D2 E
Hall or meeting place for the principal use of the local community D2 F.2
Indoor or outdoor swimming baths, skating rinks, and outdoor sports
or recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearms
D2 F.2

Changes of use within the same class are not development. Use classes prior to 1 September 2020 will remain relevant for certain change of use permitted development rights, until 31 July 2021.

The new use classes comprise:

  • Class E (Commercial, business and service uses)
  • Class F.1 (Learning and non-residential institutions)
  • Class F.2 (Local community uses)
  • Sui generis (In use class of its own)
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